Sinuses are the air-filled cavities on either side of the nose that are present in the bones of the face that form the top part of the respiratory tract. The main cause of chronic sinus infection is when the tissues present in the sinuses swell up. It can be clogged due to cold, allergies, or bacterial infections. That leads to the development of mucus. The by-product of this medical condition can result in headaches, snoring, or difficulty in breathing. In serious conditions like Sinusitis Diagnosis, the health can be deteriorated and could lead to Nasal and Paranasal Sinus Cancer. There are four types of sinus infection:
Acute sinus infection lasts for 4 weeks or less.
Subacute Infection (lasts 4 to 8 weeks)
Chronic sinus Infection (lasts 8 weeks or longer)
There are recurrent inflammation symptoms that are followed by several attacks within a year.
Bad breath or unpleasant taste in the mouth
Mucus dripping down the throat from the nose
Tenderness under the eyes or on the bridge of the nose
Problems in Breathing and smelling.
People with evident symptoms such as the ones listed should get an appointment with a Sinusitis Doctor or ENT and get it checked out.
The temperature is higher than 38°C.
Symptoms that have lasted for more than 10 days.
Symptoms that are getting worse and affecting your health.
History of sinus infection over the past year.
Symptoms that aren’t eased by antibiotic medication.
The doctor will examine your nose by looking into it. Further, he or she will dive into some methods to diagnose chronic sinus infection and get the results quickly.
Detecting the problematic areas with an obstruction
There is a thin, flexible tube with a piece of fiber-optic light equipment that is used by doctors to examine your sinus. They are inserted through your nose allowing them to see inside of your sinuses. Some images can be taken using CT or MRI and can show details of your sinuses in the nasal area. This will be able to detect deep inflammation areas that are hard to find out by the endoscope. You may have to undergo Endoscopic Sinus Surgery specialists Coimbatore.
Finding out the underlying causes
The acute sinusitis or the further developed chronic sinus infection can be triggered by allergies. If you had a history of acute sinusitis as a precautionary, he or she might ask you for an allergy skin test. It is a safe and quick test that can ease out half of your pain in the future. If your condition is not improving and worsening, for further diagnostics the doctor will get samples from your nasal and sinus discharge. To find out the other cause like bacteria or fungi.
Treatment options vary from case to case. Always follow what your ENT recommends. There are various treatments that can be done via your ENT such as the following:
These medications are used to relieve inflammation from severe sinusitis, in addition to nasal polyps. It has side effects if it is used for a long term.
It is necessary for the treatment of sinusitis if you have a bacterial infection. Sometimes, the doctor might combine antibiotics with some other medicines.
They are basically allergy shots if allergies are contributing to your sinusitis symptoms.
Endoscopic sinus surgery
Surgery, even the word can make our heart sink. But, if no other option is working endoscopic sinus surgery might be an option. Depending on the source of obstruction, the doctor might use various instruments to remove tissue or shave away a polyp that’s causing the nasal blockage. Enlarging a narrow sinus opening also may be an option to open drainage.
Tips to Help from a chronic sinus infection:
You just got your diagnosis and you are worried about your health, we have some good news for you. You can make some lifestyle changes to manage acute and chronic sinusitis.
1. Sit back and Rest
It’s the first in line for any treatment process. You need to give your body some time to fight the inflammation and wait for a speedy recovery. As it’s important to give our health time to regain its strength. It’s the best treatment without any money involved.
2. Steam your sinus away
The typical science phenomenon is that heating the solid will change its molecular state and is not new to us. So, similarly inhaling steam, will help the mucus to get drained out. It will ease out the conditions of the nasal passage. The same procedure can be done with the help of a hot warm shower.
3. Saline Irrigation
There are some specially designed squeeze bottles, saline canisters, or neti pots. That helps directly rinse nasal passages. This home remedy is called nasal lavage. And can get your sinuses clear and this treatment has proven to be very effective. It might seem difficult at first, but it’s very easy to learn and without any pain.
4. Drink Up
Drinking water, tea, or juices without sugar are good ways to keep your system hydrated. Moreover, these fluids help in thinning out the mucus and get relief to the irritated sinuses. Secondly consuming good water intake will keep you away from other infections and improves your health.
5. Go back to the basics
Let’s learn from our ancestors. They used to rely on home remedies for any disease that has infected them. There are many anti-inflammatories, antibacterial properties, and immunity booster spices that are easily available in our country. Ginger, turmeric, cayenne pepper, and other spices have treated various medical conditions for a long time. There are many ways to try: ginger can be consumed with brewed hot tea, or with honey. This will help loosen the mucus and open the clogged areas, relaxing the sinus pressure. Another one is freshly grated horseradish root that can be held in the mouth for a few minutes. Once the taste has evaporated, it can be swallowed.
6. Apple Cider Vinegar- The wonder liquid
We all are familiar with the health benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar. It can be consumed with a cup of hot water. You can also add lemon and honey as per your taste. For better results, horseradish can also be mixed in it. It will help to thin out the mucus, drain the pressure, and relieve the pain.
7. Things to avoid
This acute bunch of chronic medical infections can be kept away by avoiding certain things. If you have a history with clogged nasal, then you should avoid alcohol, caffeine, and smoking, which lead to dehydration. There are some foods that can trigger sinus symptoms like fried and starchy foods, rice, meat, and strong spices. Cheese, Yoghurt, cold drinks, and Ice Cream should also be on the ‘Things to avoid’ list. They will prevent mucus from flowing through the nasal passage. Chocolate, yeast, and sugar amplify the mucus production in the sinuses. Food rich in vitamin A builds a strong immune system and it can be considered a good treatment before getting any disease. So line up your healthy groceries in your refrigerator.
Living a hygienic and healthy lifestyle. Wash your hands at regular intervals, if you have been to a crowded place or a public transportation system.
If you have lower immunity keep up with your ENT and some recommended immunizations. And get some regular health checkups.
Use a clean humidifier to keep the air moist in your surroundings.
As soon as you feel the symptoms are showing up, take an ample amount of rest to reduce the further complications.
As we know, the health and wellness of our bodies are what we have earned in this lifetime. And it’s important to remain healthy. As much we take care of our hearts, we should take care of our nasal health too as it is acutely neglected. Chronic sinus infection affects the quality of life. Living with it is not easy. Accept it and try to learn to further improve its medical conditions. It might get worse and give you some pain. Try some home remedies if that doesn’t ease your pain, get an appointment with your ENT. Get the required treatment and stay away from colds and discomforts, Take care of your health and live healthily.